Download e-book for iPad: A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure by Luis López

By Luis López

During this quantity, Luis López sheds new mild on details constitution and makes an important contribution to paintings on grammatical operations within the Minimalist software. via a cautious research of dislocations and concentration fronting in Romance, the writer indicates that notions reminiscent of 'topic' and 'focus', as frequently outlined, yield no predictions and proposes in its place a function approach in keeping with the notions 'discourse anaphor' and 'contrast'. He provides a close version of syntax---information-structure interplay and argues that this interplay occurs on the section point, with a privileged function for the sting of the part. extra, he investigates phenomena about the syntax of gadgets in Romance and Germanic - accusative A, p-movement, clitic doubling, scrambling, item shift - and exhibits that there are cross-linguistic correlations among syntactic configuration and specificity, self sustaining of discourse connectedness. the quantity ends with a longer research of the syntax of dislocations in Romance.

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Extra info for A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure

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Default rule: complement of Fin is non-contrastive. 32b)) and then raises to Spec,Fin, where it becomes [+c]. CLLD involves movement to Spec,v, where it is assigned [+a], followed by movement to the CP area, Spec,Fin, where it is assigned the feature [+c]. Introduction 19 HTLD is generated outside the clause structure proper and is connected with a clitic, epithet, or strong pronoun in the clause only by means of a loose discourse connection (as that between a name and a pronoun, see Cinque 1983/1997).

32b)) and then raises to Spec,Fin, where it becomes [+c]. CLLD involves movement to Spec,v, where it is assigned [+a], followed by movement to the CP area, Spec,Fin, where it is assigned the feature [+c]. Introduction 19 HTLD is generated outside the clause structure proper and is connected with a clitic, epithet, or strong pronoun in the clause only by means of a loose discourse connection (as that between a name and a pronoun, see Cinque 1983/1997). It is an orphan (Haegeman 1991; Shaer and Frey 2005), a term not integrated into the syntactic structure but added at speciWc junctures as the discourse structure is assembled.

Structural asymmetry between antecedent and anaphor has been abundantly explored in the realm of sentence level anaphors and it has successfully been captured with the concept of c-command (Reinhart 1983). The relationship between dislocated constituents and their antecedents is also asymmetrical, but this asymmetry is reXected in the kinds of discourses in which they can appear felicitously. Let us assume a classiWcation of discourses in two classes, coordinate and subordinate, as in the Segmented Discourse Representation Theory developed by Nicholas Asher and his associates.

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