Download e-book for iPad: A Glossary of Cognitive Linguistics (Glossaries in by Vyvyan Evans

By Vyvyan Evans

Cognitive linguistics is without doubt one of the such a lot swiftly increasing faculties in linguistics with, by means of now, a magnificent and complicated technical vocabulary. This alphabetic advisor offers an updated creation to the most important phrases in cognitive linguistics, overlaying all of the significant theories, ways, rules and lots of of the correct theoretical constructs. The word list additionally incorporates a short advent to cognitive linguistics, a close annotated interpreting record and a list of a few of the most important researchers in cognitive linguistics. The thesaurus can be utilized as a significant other quantity to Cognitive Linguistics, by way of Vyvyan Evans and Melanie eco-friendly, or as a stand-alone creation to cognitive linguistics and its hitherto most sensible built sub-branches: cognitive semantics, and cognitive ways to grammar.

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Extra resources for A Glossary of Cognitive Linguistics (Glossaries in Linguistics)

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To illustrate this, consider the following example: James Bond is a top British spy. In the war, 007 was an officer in the Royal Navy. In this example, each sentence sets up its own mental space. In the first sentence the expression James Bond prompts for the assignment of an element relating to James Bond. In the second sentence the expression 007 prompts for the assignment of the element 007 in the second mental space. Background knowledge tells us that 007 is the code name conventionally assigned to James Bond.

This means that basic level categories simultaneously maximise the amount of detail they include in their representations (their ‘level of inclusiveness’), while maximising their distinctiveness from other categories. This results in optimal cognitive conomy. ) 20 A GLOSSARY OF COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS Cognitive Grammar The theoretical framework associated with Ronald Langacker which has been under development since the mid-1970s and is best represented in his two Foundations of Cognitive Grammar volumes published in 1987 and 1991 respectively.

Scholars such as Ronald Langacker have emphasised the study of the cognitive principles that give rise to linguistic organisation. In his theory of Cognitive Grammar, Langacker has attempted to delineate the principles that structure a grammar and to relate these to aspects of general cognition. The second avenue of investigation, pursued by researchers including William Croft, Charles Fillmore and Paul Kay, Adele Goldberg, George Lakoff, Laura Michaelis and others, and more recently Benjamin Bergen and Nancy Chang, aims to provide a more descriptively and formally detailed account of the linguistic units that comprise a particular language.

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