Download PDF by Donald E. Ginter: A Measure of Wealth: The English Land Tax in Historical

By Donald E. Ginter

Ginter specializes in the years 1780 to 1832, a interval for which many land tax files live to tell the tale and accurately whilst glossy varieties of political association started to emerge and while industrialization and enclosure are concept to have altered the material of society and the economic system. via an exam of greater than 5,000 parishes in fifteen old counties -- nearly one-third of britain -- he indicates that inequalities within the burden of nationwide taxation have been a ways more than somebody has expected. Having researched either neighborhood and nationwide taxation methods, he unearths that, at the eve of the nineteenth-century "Revolution in Government," the tenantry and yeomanry have been administratively way more autonomous of parliamentary statute and in their neighborhood gentry and magistracy than has formerly been steered. Drawing on proof from the 3 ridings of Yorkshire, he discloses different difficulties linked to the land tax duplicates. whereas Ginter argues that the land tax duplicates are fully insufficient for the learn of the fortunes of the small yeoman and that the literature in this topic needs to be essentially reconsidered, he finds a mode that may reliably take advantage of the land tax duplicates as a systemic documentation. He contends that the entire power for reviews dependent centrally at the land tax has scarcely began to be explored.

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The magnitudes of error, which had been incorporated within virtually all land tax based studies from the beginning, were now expanding. They had never really been fully appreciated. I therefore began gathering materials for a comprehensive article, which, as I began to write, grew into a small book and then into this larger volume as the topics I undertook to cover proliferated ineluctably. As documentation on landed society, the land tax is both daunting and seductive. ) in the form of a national poundage rate on both personal and real property.

But it should also be noted that comparability may also be impaired due to the irregularity with which the tax on such salaries was collected in some townships and the widespread tendency for the amount to fluctuate annually. And finally, in some counties at least, assessments on salary ceased at some point in the early nineteenth century and, in the North Riding, quotas were reduced proportionately. 2 identifies all North Riding townships which taxed salaries in 1790 and then traces the history of such tax entries at varying intervals to 1830.

Out of the yeomanry came, in the 8 Introduction Middle Ages, those dreaded archers and pikemen who won the day at Crecy, at Poitiers and at Agincourt. Later, the yeomen became Protestants and Puritans; they were the staunchest supporters of the Reformation and fought in the armies of Fairfax and Cromwell. Their importance may have somewhat diminished in the course of the seventeenth century. Yet, even after the Revolution of 1688, they still formed a large section of the community. 4 The yeomanry, like the glories of Britannia, had gone the way of the good roast beef of old England.

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