By Ute Frevert
A state in Barracks indicates how military-civil relatives have advanced in Germany over the last 200 years. This publication investigates how conscription has contributed to instilling a powerful feel of army dedication one of the German public. the writer appears at its dating to nation citizenship, country construction, gender formation and the idea that of violence. She starts off with the early 19th century, while conscription used to be first utilized in Prussia and at first met with harsh feedback from all features of society, and keeps throughout the Germanies of the post-1949 interval. The ebook covers the Prussian version used in the course of global battle I, the Weimar Republic whilst no conscription was once enforced, and the mass army mobilization of the 3rd Reich. all through this specified exam, Ute Frevert examines how civil society bargains with institutionalized violence and the way this impacts versions of citizenship and gender relatives.
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Extra resources for A Nation in Barracks: Modern Germany, Military Conscription and Civil Society
22, and also Landsturm, p. 10; Actenstücke, H. 1, pp. 18–9; H. 3, p. 31. 83. Johann Wolfgang Goethe: Hermann und Dorothea, The Collected Works, ed. Cyrus Hamlin and Frank Ryder, vol. 8 pp. 253–307 (Princeton: Princeton University Press: 1995). 84. , pp. 734–5, 737. 85. , pp. 741 (Schlegel), 482, 514. 86. Jahn, Volkstum, pp. 246–7. 87. Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Sämtliche Werke, vol. 4, Leipzig 1856, p. 82; Schmidt, ‘Apotheose’. 88. François Lissarrague, ‘Figures of Women’ in A History of Women in the West, vol.
Since the army indiscriminately took in all young men, it also formed – in Scharnhorst’s words from 1810 – a point of national unity ‘linking’ the male inhabitants within national territory one to another, overarching class divides and reinforcing society’s ‘inner harmony’. For Raumer, too, it went without saying that the middle classes would not only be a part of this integrative task but would take on a vital, genuinely necessary role in preserving and supporting the state. 69 The issue of physical education was not new in the political arena.
He enjoyed the rough and tumble of being with other young men too: ‘One of us is shaved by the other – that’s a great comfort on active service. And then we can all have a good laugh at the little accidents that happen. ’74 – 29 – War, Nation, Gender Images The tendency to romanticise war, linking it with freedom and adventure, not only found expression in such letters but was also – literally – given voice in the numerous soldiers’ songs of the time. In its ﬁrst edition of 1799, the popular song anthology, the Mildheimische Liederbuch, only contained nine songs ‘for the military profession’.