Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. Pullum's A Student's Introduction to English Grammar PDF

By Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. Pullum

This groundbreaking undergraduate textbook on smooth ordinary English grammar is the 1st to be in line with the innovative advances of the authors' prior paintings, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (2002). The textual content is meant for college students in faculties or universities who've very little prior history in grammar, and presupposes no linguistics. It includes workouts, and should offer a foundation for introductions to grammar and classes at the constitution of English, not just in linguistics departments but in addition in English language and literature departments and faculties of schooling.

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Extra info for A Student's Introduction to English Grammar

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The only verb with a plain form distinct from all its present tense forms is be: it has three present tense forms (am, is, and are), all different in shape from its plain form, be. We can therefore use a substitution test involving be to distinguish plain present forms and plain forms of other verbs. Consider, for example, the following forms of the verb write: EXAMPLES WITH write [9] a. They write to her. 11 1Il a. Write to her. a. It 's vital that he write to her. IV a. It 's better to write to her.

Similarly for can 't and shan 't. In subject-auxiliary inversion constructions they occur in positions where verb + not would generally be impossible. , but not *ls not it ready ? 2 There are two inflectional properties that distinguish the modal auxil­ iaries from all other verbs. They also share a purely syntactic property that distin­ guishes the prototypical ones from nearly all other verbs. (a) Lack of secondary inflectional forms Modals have only primary forms and hence simply cannot occur in constructions requiring a secondary form - a plain form, gerund-participle or past participle.

_ B_ ______ We insist [that she bring her own food]. INFINITIVAL: It 's rare [for her to bring her own food]. IMPERATIVE: ii iv FINITENESS She brings her own food. ::. ________ br=in=g=i= RT�I� A:. n�fi� ng� o� od::::. ::E: ]. : . e: This is the food [bro u ght by my sister] . V I PAST PARTICIPLE _ FINITE ) ) NON-FINITE The structure of non-finite subordinate clauses differs more radically from that of main clauses than does that of finite subordinate clauses. That is why we draw the line between finite and non-finite after [iii] in [ 1 3] rather than after [i] .

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