By Axel Schuessler
This can be the 1st actual etymological dictionary of previous chinese language written in any language. As such, it constitutes a milestone in examine at the evolution of the Sinitic language staff. while past experiences have emphasised the constitution of the chinese language characters, this pathbreaking dictionary locations fundamental emphasis at the sounds and meanings of Sinitic roots. according to greater than 3 many years of extensive research in fundamental and secondary assets, this thoroughly new dictionary areas outdated chinese language squarely in the Sino-Tibetan language relatives (including shut attention of various Tiberto-Burman languages), whereas paying due regard to different language households equivalent to Austroasiatic, Miao-Yao (Hmong-Mien), and Kam-Tai.
Designed to be used through nonspecialists and experts alike, the dictionary is very available, being prepared in alphabetical order and possessed of diverse cutting edge lexicographical positive aspects. each one access bargains a number of attainable etymologies in addition to reconstructed pronunciations and different correct facts. phrases which are morphologically comparable are grouped jointly into ''word families'' that try to make particular the derivational or different etymological procedures that relate them. The dictionary is preceded by means of a sizeable and demanding creation that outlines the authorвЂ™s perspectives at the linguistic place of chinese language inside of Asia and information the phonological and morphological homes, to the measure they're recognized, of the earliest levels of the chinese and its ancestor. This advent, since it either summaries and synthesizes past paintings and makes a number of unique contributions, capabilities as an invaluable reference paintings all by itself.
The ABC Etymological Dictionary of previous chinese language is a enormous success within the historical past of chinese language linguistics, providing many new hypotheses and systematically comparing and incorporating prior scholarship. it is going to be warmly welcomed by way of students in a wide selection of China- and Asia-related fields, together with early chinese, literature, tradition, and suggestion in addition to the wider cultural-linguistic panorama of prehistorical East and Southeast Asia.
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Additional info for ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese
Fm! , > pIan ""~ beIJB ben 'side by side' 'two (horses) side by side' Corpse shr > shf siB 8i 'to display' 'corpse, personator of a dead' p In 'Corpse' the derivation process could also have been the reverse. In a few cognate sets, tone A may be the result of loss of a final consonant, as in: he ~ [gek] 'kernel fruit' - hai ~ [gd] 'bones, skeleton'. Bones He is a ST etymon: WT rag 'fruit stone, bead', Mikir rak 'fruit stone'; therefore he was the original form from which hiii was derived. 2 Middle Chinese tone B (sMngsheng phonology MC tone B probably derives from an OC *-?
B) GrammaticalJy, chang's function is causative because it is an intr. sv. with an object. ). 1-2 for definitions). The usages and properties (a) to (c) are usually unmarked in OC, whereas morphology applies only to word derivation (d). However, these different levels often coalesce and are irrelevant in practice. 2 ex. 5, jilm 5iL tr. 'to see, visit' is a transitive verb on all levels; since it is not a derivation, the etymological level does not apply. Xian with a MC voiced initial is said to be the intransitive of jilm; however, Xiflll is not the grammatical intr.
Me; raise tf. I me) '(My mother) let me grow up and Stative verb (sv,) - functions like an intr. verb (ex, 16: chang), or modifies a noun (zhiing in ex. 14). These often correspond to English adjectives and numerals, When a sv. 2 MORPHOLOGY meaning is usually either caus. (ex. 15) or put. (ex. 17 yuan); however, the verb can also behave like a regular intL or tf. verb: Gabelentz (p. 333) lists verbs that incIudehou f& 'be after, behind' > tLvb. 'to follow behind" > caus. (factitive) 'to place behind'.