Accounting of biological sinks and sources under the Kyoto by Gerald Busch PDF

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By contrast, when wetlands are converted and subsequently managed, large quantities of CO2 and N2O are released, while methane emissions drop greatly – indeed, a slight methane removal may even occur. As these gases have differing atmospheric residence times and undergo different chemical reactions in the atmosphere, they have different global warming potentials (GWP). 25 t C ha-1 yr-1. , 1997). The same balance for converting wetlands to cropland shows, depending upon land use, a carbon release from the organic material amounting to 1–19 t C ha-1 yr-1, while methane emissions cease entirely.

A determination of aboveground biomass and its changes does not suffice to quantify terrestrial carbon sources and sinks. Three methods are presently available to draw up carbon assimilation and respiration balances: 1. through long-term, periodical inventories on a statistical basis, covering both the carbon of the above- and belowground biomass, and the carbon of the organic layer, peat and mineral soil; 2. through micrometeorological measurements of individual stands (eddy covariance method integrating over km2), 3.

2 t C ha-1 and are exposed to severe utilization pressures in the arid zones. One expression of these pressures is that harvest residues cannot be used to support humus levels, because they are needed as fodder and fuels. 5 t C ha-1 over the next 50 years is stated by various authors as the achievable global target. This would correspond to a stock of 7 Gt C, and is distinctly less than the optimistic scenario of the IPCC. A different avenue by which agriculture could indirectly sequester carbon is to produce biomass that is used as a substitute for fossil fuels.

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