Read e-book online Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines PDF

By Committee on Alternative Technologies to Replace Antipersonnel Landmines, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Office of International Affairs, National Research Council

This publication examines strength applied sciences for exchanging antipersonnel landmines through 2006, the U.S. aim date for signing a global treaty banning those guns. substitute applied sciences to exchange Antipersonnel Landmines emphasizes the position that expertise can play to permit sure guns for use extra selectively, lowering the chance to uninvolved civilians whereas bettering the effectiveness of the U.S. army. Landmines are an immense weapon within the U.S. military's arsenal however the continual type may cause unintentional casualties, to either civilians and pleasant forces. New applied sciences may substitute a few, yet no longer all, of the U.S. military's antipersonnel landmines by means of 2006. within the interval following 2006, rising applied sciences may well do away with the landmine absolutely, whereas preserving the required functionalities that present day mines offer to the army.

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This capability could make the difference between victory and defeat for an initial-entry force because the first units to land on hostile soil are certain to be initially outnumbered by enemy forces. , the Demilitarized Zone in Korea and, perhaps, the Kuwaiti-Iraqi border), mines are both deterrents and alerting devices. They can also inflict casualties in the event of a full-scale attack. However, once cleared lanes have been established, current mines become less effective. Future systems could be capable of remaining effective without giving away their positions or being easily deactivated or cleared within a zone.

S. government has taken strong actions toward mitigating the effects of indiscriminate use of APL around the world. These actions include a ban on exports, assistance with clearance of mines (also called demining), assistance to victims, and a search for alternatives to APL. Ban on Exports As a result of legislation introduced by Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vermont), the United States has had a moratorium on exports of APL since 1992 (Rieser, 1999). The first oneyear moratorium on exports became law on October 23, 1992, as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993.

Mines previously emplaced during defensive missions that cannot distinguish friend from foe could hinder the execution of rapid offensive maneuvers. In this report, the committee adopted a long-term view of landmines that took into account the principles of war and a wide range of scenarios, from major theater wars to peace operations. S. forces a superior means of fighting and winning an engagement (Bornhoft, 1999). These battlefield operating systems require constant coordination to ensure synergy among intelligence, maneuver, mobility/survivability, fire support, air defense, combat service support, and command and control systems.

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