By Viveka Velupillai
This transparent and available advent to linguistic typology covers all linguistic domain names from phonology and morphology over parts-of-speech, the NP and the vice chairman, to uncomplicated and complicated clauses, pragmatics and language swap. there's additionally a dialogue on methodological concerns in typology. This textbook is the 1st advent that regularly applies the findings of the World Atlas of Language Structures, systematically comprises pidgin and creole languages and devotes a piece to signal languages in every one bankruptcy. All chapters comprise a number of illustrative examples and particular function maps. key phrases and routines support assessment the most themes of every bankruptcy. Appendices offer macro info for all of the languages mentioned within the booklet in addition to an inventory of sites of typological curiosity. an intensive word list offers at-a-glance definitions of the phrases utilized in the publication. This creation is designed for college students of classes with a spotlight on language variety and typology, in addition to typologically-oriented classes in morphology and syntax. The e-book also will function a advisor for box linguists.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Linguistic Typology
This is not as straightforward as it may seem. â•‡ Typology and universals group languages by countries they are spoken in. This may be useful for organizational purposes, but we must always remember that such things as country borders are recent politico-historical artefacts that do not necessarily represent historico-cultural or linguistic boundaries. It should therefore be kept in mind that a country name as a location for a language merely serves as a practical shortcut for giving a rough idea of where the language is spoken.
One may, for example, investigate whether languages are likely to be more “unusual” or dissimilar from others if they are spoken in areas that are remote or difficult to access in various ways (in fact, Bickel 2006 has shown that languages in the mountainous areas of the Eurasian continent, namely the Caucasus and the Himalayas, tend to be typologically unusual). If so, it might be due to lack of contact with large migration waves in geographically more accessible areas that may have made languages affect each other and become more similar to each other.
With linguistic typology the classification is primarily based on the elements that make up the structure of languages, such as sounds, words and parts of words, how these words are organized with respect to each other, and so on. Thus we could say that Mandarin is a reduplicating language (while English is not) and is also a tone language (while English is not). We can say that both English and Chinese are subject-verb-object languages. And so on. When investigating correlations between languages, we may, for example, investigate whether reduplicating languages also generally tend to be tone languages (they do not, in fact; most of the reduplicating languages in Rubino’s (2011) database are listed as languages lacking tone in Maddieson’s (2011f) database).